Table of Common Anatomic Derivatives

a-(an-)

G, without

anemia, anencephalic

 

glosso- (gloss)

G, tongue

styloglossus

ab-

L, away from

abduct

 

hyper-

G, above, over

hypertrophy, hyperextension

acro-

G, tip

acromion process

 

hypo-

G, under, less

hypotension

ad-

L, toward

adduct

 

infra-

L, below

hypotension

ambi-

L, both

ambidextrous

 

inter-

L, between

intertubercular

ana-

G, apart

anatomy

 

intr-
(intra-)

L, within

intravenous, intrahepatic

ante-

L, before

anteversion, antebrachial

 

linea

L, line

linea aspera

anti-

G, against

antiseptic

 

lingua-

L, tongue

lingual artery

arthr- (arthro-)

G, a joint

arthritis

 

meta-

G, beyond

metatarsal

auto-

G, self

autonomic, autonomous

 

myo-

G, muscle

myotome

bi-

L, two, double

bilateral

 

-oid

G, appearance

glenoid

brachi-

G, arm

brachial artery

 

omo

G, scapula, shoulder

omohyoid

brachium

L, arm

antebrachium

 

-otomy

G, to open

craniotomy

brevis

L, short

peroneus brevis

 

para-

G, beside

paravertebral

capit (caput)

L, head

semispinalis capitis

 

peri

G, around

perichondrium

cauda

L, tail

cauda equina

 

peroneus

G, fibula

peroneus longus, 
peroneal nerve

cervix

L, neck

cervix of uterus

 

post-

L, after, behind

postnatal

chondro-

L, cartilage

chondrocyte

 

pre-

L, before

preganglionic

circum-

L, around

circumflex

 

ram-

L, branch

ramus

condyle

G, knuckle

humeral condyles

 

re-

L, again, back

recurrent

coracoid

G, beak

coracoid process

 

rect-

L, straight

rectus femoris

corona

L, crown

coronary ligament

 

ren

L, kidney

renal

coronoid

L, crows beak

coronoid process

 

retro-

L, back

retroperitoneal

cornu

L, horn

greater cornu of hyoid

 

sect-

L, to cut

dissect

costa

L, rib

intercostal

 

serra

L, saw-like

serratus anterior

crus

L, leg

crus of penis

 

splenius

G, bandage

splenius capitis

crux

L, cross

cruciate ligament

 

sub-

L, under

subdural

delta

G, triangle

deltoid

 

super-

L, over,

superficial

di-

G, double, two

digastric

 

supra-

L, above

supraorbital

dis-

L, separation

dissect

 

sym- (syn-)

G, together

symphysis, synthesis

duco-

L, to lead

abduct

 

teres

L, round

ligamentum teres

ect-

G, outside

ectoderm

 

trans-

L, across

transfusion

-ectomy

G, excision

hysterectomy

 

tome

G, cutting

anatomy

end- (ent-)

G, within

endothelium

 

tuber

L, swelling

tubercle

epi-

G, upon

epicondyle

 

ultra-

L, beyond

ultrastructure

ex- (exo-)

G&L, out

exocrine

 

vagina

L, sheath, sleeve

vaginal process

extra-

L, outward

extracellular

 

vas

L, duct, vessel

vas deferens

fossa

L, ditch

infraspinous fossa

 

vent- (ventr-)

L, belly

ventral

gastr- (gastro-)

G, belly

gastritis, digastric

 

versio

L, a turning

anteversion

glenoid

G, socket

glenoid fossa

 

 

 

 






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